Find out more using our audio guide. It involved more than one million people in about 700 localities. Factory outputs also increased in the 1960’s. The German Democratic Republic (GDR), German: Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), often known in English as East Germany, existed from 1949 to 1990. The Inner German border (German: Innerdeutsche Grenze pronounced [ˈɪnɐdɔʏtʃə ˈgʁɛntsə] or Deutsch-deutsche Grenze pronounced [ˈdɔʏtʃˌdɔʏtʃə ˈgʁɛntsə]; initially also Zonengrenze pronounced [ˈtsɔnənˌgʁɛntsə]) was the border between the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, West Germany) from 1949 to 1990.

The Berlin Wall went up on 13 th August, separating families who happened to be in different parts of the city. Today however, decades after the wall’s 1989 demolition, photographers from behind the Iron Curtain … East Germany was, in many respects, the first child of the Cold War. 8 Things That Were Better in East Germany* Remembering the "glory days" of nudity, breast milk, and recycling 25 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall. 40. The Soviet Union tried to stop people leaving the Eastern Bloc to live in non-communist places. "No one has the intention of building a wall," said Walter Ulbricht, head of the State Council of East Germany, at an international press conference in East Berlin on June 15, 1961. This explains why, over the nearly three decades of the Berlin Wall, thousands of people tried to escape from the East to the West. Many East Germans believed that communism was fairer than capitalist West German. But what was life like in East Germany during the Wall? A map showing East Germany (orange) and its neighbouring states. East Germany during the Wall May Day Celebration, East Berlin, 1 May 1964: Walter Ulbricht's image beams at two East German boys: Photo by the eminent German photographer Michael Ruetz, courtesy of the Deutsches Historisches Museum. Juni 1953 ) began with a strike action by East Berlin construction workers on 16 June, and turned into a widespread uprising against the communist German Democratic Republic government the next day. The German standard of living was quite high during World War II because Germany plundered the rest of Europe, as well as conscripting forced labourers to work for German factories and families alike. Indeed, the Eastern Bloc state was isolated from the West in both the physical and ideological sense for decades. People had excellent healthcare facilities and free public transport.

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